Eggs from “cage-free” hens are not what most consumers think. The hens might not be in wire crates, but they are still inside, in very crowded conditions. “Free to roam” means just as little. “Access to the outdoors” usually means that there’s a door to a small screened area (the size of a porch on your own home) for 50,000 birds. That small door is not always open.
This photo shows what “free-range” should mean. The birds are truly on the range (“range” being a term for wide open spaces on grass). This is a flock of White Leghorn laying hens. Can you imagine 1,200 chickens, just like my Twiggy, running hither and yon on pasture? That I’d like to see!